What Is UAV? Unmanned Aerial Vehicles Definition
A drone is technologically an unmanned aerial vehicle. Drones are more commonly known as unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) or unmanned aerial vehicle systems (UASs). In essence, a drone is an aerial robot that can remotely or autonomously fly via software-controlled flight plans in its embedded systems in conjunction with on-board and GPS sensors.
More recently, UAVs have been most commonly associated with the military, where they were first used to practice anti-aircraft targets, gather information and then, more controversially, weapons platforms. Drones are now also used in a variety of civilian tasks, from search and rescue to surveillance, traffic monitoring, weather monitoring and fire fighting, to personal drones and photography based on business drones, as well as videography, agriculture and even delivery services.
The Story Of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles
Many track the history of drones until 1849 in Italy, when Venice fought for the independence of Austria. Austrian soldiers attacked Venice with hot air, hydrogen or helium balloons, which were equipped with bombs.
The first remote-controlled aircraft without pilots were used during the First World War. In 1918, the US Army developed the experimental Kettering Bug, an unmanned “flying bomber” that was never used in combat.
The first commonly used drone appeared in 1935 as conversion of the biplane de Havilland DH82B “Queen Bee” in original size, which was equipped in the back seat with a radio and a servo-operated control. The aircraft could conventionally be controlled from the front seat, but generally flew unmanned and was shot at by artillery guns in training. The term drone comes from this first use, a piece after the “Queen Bee” nomenclature.
UAV technology has continued to be of interest to the military, but often too unreliable and costly to deploy. After concerns over the shooting down of spy planes came up, the military went back to the topic of unmanned aerial vehicles. The military use of drones was soon expanded and played a role in discarding leaflets and spy bait.